SURNAMES as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. MILLER was an occupational name 'the miller' one who ground corn, a baker of bread. This surname is found in the records of every county in England. The name was taken early to Scotland, although Millar is the more usual form of the name there. Early records of the name mention Ralph Muller, 1296 County Sussex. Achard Molenddinarius (frequently spelt this way in the Hundred Rolls of 1273). John Millare, was documented in the year 1300 Yorkshire. John Millare was a juror on an inquest relating to fishing on the Tweed in 1467. Robert Millare held land in Irvine in 1509. George Miller of County Warwick, registered at Oxford University in the year 1572. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
Arms registered in Scotland.
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