There are, it is estimated, approximately l,750 persons of this name in Ireland, the great majority of them in counties Tyrone and Antrim. There are no less than l5 modern synonyms of the name, a few of which include GAVIGAN, GEOGHEGAN, MAGUIGAN, MACQUIGGAN, and MACWIGGAN. The pronunciation of the name around county Tyrone (and especially around Omagh) is MACGWIGGEN, which perhaps means Mag Uigin as the Irish form. In l602 a Fiant relating to county Tyrone spells the name MacGuigine and in the same year one of O'Donnell's following was Conor MacGugyne. At the end of that century Hugh Magwygin of county Down is among the attainted Jacobites. It is not known exactly what date a region in north-eastern Ulster was erected into the county of Antrim, but in 1584 the Lord Deputy, who was then attempting to subdue Ulster and subject it to English government, divided the county into baronies. The chief town is the port-city of Belfast. Due to the growth of industry in the Lagan valley since the 19th century, there has been a heavy movement of population into the city and the surrounding area. Following the subjugation of the Irish chieftains in Ulster, Scottish and English settlers were induced to establish themselves in County Antrim as in the other counties of the province and many of these settlers were encouraged by the government to engage in the cultivation of flax, both for linen manufacture in the county and for export as yarn. Further encouragement was given in this industry at the end of the 17th and early 18th century when Huguenot refugees received grants to enable them to share their experience of textile manufacture and instruct those engaged in branches of their industry in Antrim, to improve their methods, so by the latter decades of the 18th century, County Antrim produced almost one half of the total Irish exports of brown linens. William MACGUCKIN (Baron de Slane) (c.l837-l868) the orientalist, was born in county Antrim and Barton MACGUCKIN (b.l853) tenor, was born in Dublin. An important modern representative of the name is Cardinal MacGuigan, Archbishop of Toronto.
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