McCORMICK was derived from the Gaelic MacChormaig - a baptismal name 'the son of Cormac'. Many of the families of the name in Ulster are of Scottish origin, being a branch of the clan Buchanan-MacCormick of MacLaine. Early records of the name mention Gillecrist mac Cormac who was a witness to a grant of the Abbey of Deer in 1132. Hester M'Gormock was heir of Gilbert M'Cormock in Barley, Scotland in 1696. A later record is that of Cyrus Hall McCormick (1809-84) an American inventor and industrialist who was born in Rockbridge, Virginia. He was the son of Robert McCormick (1780-1846) who patented many implements for agricultural use. During a time of intense competition in American agriculture the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company emerged as the leader in the competition. This company went on to become the International Harvester Company and his son, Cyrus Hall Jun. (1859-1936), as the first president and cahirman of the board. John MacDonald MacCormick (1904-61) was a Scottish nationalist politician, born in Glasgow. He was a graduate of Glasgow University and he went on to become the chairman of the Scottish National party from its foundation in 1934 until 1942. After this he went on to found and become chairman of the Scottish Convention, and cairman of the National Assembly which organized the Scottish Covenant in 1949 which attracted two million signatures but achieved nothing. He also wrote 'The Flag in the Wind' in 1955. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
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