The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The surname of MATCHAM was a locational name 'of MASHAM', a market town and parish in the North Riding of Yorkshire, Local names derive from place names, indicating where the man held land, or the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. The name is also spelt MASHAM and MASSAM. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Robert de MASSEHAM, who was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377), and William MATCHAM of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. Later instances of the name include William MASHAM of London, who registered at Oxford University in 1606, and John MASHAM, was buried at Kensington Church, London in the year 1660. Sir Francis MASHAM and Mrs Damaris Cudworth, were married at Canterbury Cathedral in the year 1685.
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