This Jewish surname of MACKOWSKI was originally from the Latin Marcus, the personal name of St Mark the Evangelist, author of the second Gospel. The name was borne also by a number of other early Christian saints. MARCUS was an old Roman name of uncertain etymology; it may have some connection with the war God Mars. The given name was not as popular in England in the Middle Ages as it was on the Continent, especially in Italy, where the evangelist became the patron of Venice and the Venetian Republic, and was allegedly buried at Aquileia. The name has numerous variant spellings which include MARQUET, MAROKVITCH, MARCOWITZ, MARKOWSKY, MARKOVICI and MARKOVSKY. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. A notable member of the name was Constance Georgine, Countess MARKIEWICZ (1868-1927) Irish nationalist, daughter of Sir Henry Gore-Booth of County Sligo, born in London. A society beauty, she studied art at the Slade School in London and Paris, where she met and married Count Casimir MARKIEWICZ. They settled in Dublin in 1903 and in 1908 she joined Sinn Fein. Her husband left in 1913 for the Ukraine, and never returned. She was elected to the first Dail Eireann in 1919 and became minister for labour, but was imprisoned twice. After the Civil War she was a member of the Dail from 1923.
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