The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. This name was derived from the Gaelic MacDhonnchaidh 'the son of Duncan'. The Clan Donnachie, better known as Clan Robertson of Athol are so named from 'Fat Duncan' de Atholia who lived at the time of Robert the Bruce. There was an old sept of Macconochies in Bute, and of seventy five persons holding lands there in 1506, six were of this name. In addition to the Clan Donnachie or Robertsons there are three Argyllshire families that were known as MacDhonnachie. There was MacConchie of Inverawe, an old sept of the Campbells. The Macconnachies of Meadowbank in Midlothian were descended from them. Secondly MacDhonnachie Mhor or Campbell of Duntroon, and lastly MacDhonnachie or Campbell of Glenfeochan. Angus M'Conchie witnessed a charter in 1493, and Huchon McConzochquy was part tenant of Kynnard Ross in 1505. Archibald Machhonzie de Leragis appears as one of an inquest in 1510. Patrick M'Conquhy was a witness at Kingarth Bute in 1534, and Eugene McConiquhy held a sasine of land there in 1560. Duncan McKihonchy was enrolled among the fencible men of Argyll in 1682.
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