The surname of MACKINTOSH was derived from the Gaelic Mac an Toisich - meaning a chief or leader. Early records mention Farchard McToschy who was called to the Kings presence, to exact to him security that Adam, Bishop of Aberdeen and his men shall be free from persecution and trouble from McToschy. Jhone Machyntoys was tenant of Enyrvak in Atholl in 1500. William MacIntosh (1662-1743) was a Scottish Jacobite of Borlum, Invernesshire. He held a command in the 1715 Rising, and led his force south to join the English rebels. He was captured and imprisoned, but escaped from Newgate in 1716. Back in Scotland he took part in the abortive 1719 rising, but was captured again, and died after long captivity in Edinburgh Castle. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. An eminent member of the name was Sir James Mackintosh (1765-1832) the Scottish writer born in Aldourie in Inverness-shire. He studied medicine at Aberdeen, but settled in London as a journalist. He was called to the bar in 1795 and in 1799 he delivered a brilliant series of lectures on the law of nature and nation's. In 1804, he was appointed recorder of Bombay, and in 1806, judge of its Admiralty Court. He spent seven years there and on his return entered Parliament. He published a number of works on history and philosophy. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Their tartan in red blue and black, the war cry LOCH MOY, and the plant badge for the name is whortle-berry.
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