MacKILLOP was derived from the gaelic Mac Fhilib, 'son of Philip', Philip is originally a Greek personal name meaning horse lover. Some of this name are said to be standard bearers to the Campbells of Dunstaffnage, others are included as septs of Macdonald of Glencoe and Macdonells of Keppoch, and Mackillop also occurs as a surname in Arran. Early records of the name mention Finlaius Macpilibh, priest of the diocese of Argyll, in in record in 1433. The gaelic motto of the family 'Cadal cha'n Aom air fear faire', is of twentieth century origin. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry 1.(1100-1135) and when Henry 11 (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome.
The surnames in Ireland originally signified membership of a clan, but with the passage of time, the clan system became less distinct, and surnames came to identify membership of what is called a 'sept'; a group of people all living in the same locality, all bearing the same surname, but not necessarily descended from a common ancestor. Adoption of the name by people who did not otherwise have a surname and by dependents was not uncommon. Just over one hundred years after the Norman Conquest of England, the first Normans arrived in Ireland. Richard de Clare, Second Earl of Pembroke (died 1176), was known as Strongbow. He was invited to Ireland by Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster, whose daughter he married, to help him in his wars with his neighbours. He was accompanied by several retainers whose name, like his own, have become well established as surnames in Ireland. The Normans established themselves in Leinster and paid homage to Henry 11 of England. Some of the Norman settlers acquired surnames derived from the Irish.
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