The surname of LUCAS was a baptismal name 'the son of Luke'. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but they were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1066. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1377) that second names became general practice for all people Early records of the name mention Lucas (without surname) 1150 Nottinghamshire. Euerard Lucas was recorded in the year 1152 in Hertfordshire and Willelmus Lucas of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. A notable member of the name was Leyden Van Lucas (1494-1533) the Dutch painter and engraver, born in Leiden. He practised almost every branch of painting and his most famous works include the triptych of 'The Last Judgement' (1526) and 'The Blind Man of Jericho Healed by Christ' (1531). As an engraver he is believed to have been the first to etch on copper. Richard Lucas and Alice Pumfrett were married in London in the year of 1561. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The name was originally from the Latin given name LUCAS, a form of the Greek LOUCAS, meaning 'the man from Lucania, which was a region of South Italy that was perhaps originally named with a word meaning 'bright'. The name owed its popularity in the Middle Ages to St. Luke the Evangelist. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Granted to Mathias Prime Lucas Esq. of Wateringbury, County Kent, Lord Mayor of London in 1827.
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