This surname LOHNES was a Jewish occupational name for a teacher in a traditional Jewish elementary school, although in some cases it was a topographic name for someone who lived in a marshy area. There are a number of minor places, mostly in southern Germany named with this name, and the surname may also have come from any of them. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it When traditional Jews were forced to take family names by the local bureaucracy, it was an obligation imposed from outside traditional society, and people often took the names playfully and let their imaginations run wild by choosing names which corresponded to nothing real in their world. No one alive today can remember the times when Jews took or were given family names (for most Ashkenazim this was the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th) although many remember names being changed after emigration to other countries, such as the United States and Israel in recent years. The name is also spelt LOHNER, LOHNERT, LEHRER, LEHMANN and LEHR. A notable member of the name mention Rudolph Chambers LEHMANN (1856-1929) the English journalist, born in Sheffield. He was a journalist on Punch (1890-1919) editor of the Daily News (1901) and Liberal MP for Harborough (1906-10). A well known oarsman and coach, he published 'The Complete Oarsman' in 1908. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'.
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