The surname of LOGES was a locational name 'the dweller at the lodge' a small cottage or dwelling. Local names usually indicated where a man held his land. In this case the term was used in particular of a cabin erected by masons working on the site of a special construction project, such as a church or cathedral, and so in many cases it was equivalent to an occupational name for a mason. The name is also spelt LOGG, LOGGE, LODGE and LODE. Early records of the name mention Roger de la Logge who was recorded in the year 1273 in County Somerset and Johannes del Loge of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Later instances of the name mention Thomas Lodge who registered at Oxford University in the year of 1520. Baptised. Jane Lodge daughter of William at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1575. An eminent member of the name was Thomas Lodge (1558-1625) the English dramatist and romance writer born in West Ham. He went to Merchant Trader's school, and then Trinity College, Oxford, where he led a wild life. In 1588 he took part in a buccaneering expedition to the Canaries, and wrote a romance entitled 'Rosalynde' (1590) which was his best known work. He turned Catholic, and is believed to have taken a medical degree at Avignon (1600). Among his remaining writings are 'A fig for Momus' (1595) and a collection of poems entitled 'Phillis' written in 1593. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries.
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