This surname of LOCKHART was derived from the Old English LOCHIERDE - a herdsman in charge of sheep. Early records of the name mention Stephen and Simon Locard who settled in Lanarkshire and Ayrshire in the 12th Century. They both acquired large territories and held important offices, and the former gave name to Stevenston in Cunningham. Symon Locard witnessed the grant of the church of Wicestun (now Wiston) in 1153-65. He also attested charters by William the Lion in 1165-87. Sir George Lockhart, President of the Court of Session, was murdered by Chiesley Dalry in 1689. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. A notable member of the name was John Gibson LOCKHART (1794-1854) the Scottish biographer, novelist and critic, born in Cambusnethan, Lanarkshire, the son of a Church of Scotland minister. He spent his boyhood in Glasgow, where at 11 he went from the high school to the college. At the age of 13, to Balliol College, Oxford. In 1813 he took a first in classics. In 1820, he married Sophie, the eldest daughter of Sir Walter Scott and produced four novels, including his masterpiece the 'Memoirs of the Life of Scott' (1837). His closing years were clouded by illness and depression after the death of his wife.
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