The surname of LENNARTZ was a baptismal name 'the son of Lenard'. The name was derived from the Old German Leonhard, meaning lion-bold. This was not a common name in the middle ages, although many churches were dedicated to St. Leonard, the patron saint of captives. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. Early records of the name in England mention Stephenson Leonardus. 1221 County Worcestershire. Agnes Leonard, was documented in the year 1279 in County Huntingdonshire. John Lennard and Jane Binding (widow) were married in London in the year 1650 Thomas Rogers married Elizabeth Leonard at St. Antholin, London in 1738. George Leonard married Eleanor Martin, St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1791. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes Armory.
Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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