The surname of LENHARD was a baptismal name 'the son of Lenard'. The name was derived from the Old German Leonhard, meaning lion-bold, and was probably brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. This was not a common name in the middle ages, although many churches were dedicated to St. Leonard, the patron saint of captives. Early records of the name mention Stephenson Leonardus. 1221 County Worcestershire. Agnes Leonard, was documented in the year 1279 in County Huntingdonshire. John Lennard and Jane Binding (widow) were married in London in the year 1650 Thomas Rogers married Elizabeth Leonard at St. Antholin, London in 1738. George Leonard married Eleanor Martin, St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1791. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes Armory.
Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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