The surname of LASHFORD was a locational name 'of Latchford' a chapelry in the parish of Grappenhall, County Chester. Also a hamlet in the parish of Great Haseley, County Oxford. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was derived from the Old English word LAECCFORDE, and literally meant the dweller beside the stream. Early records of the name mention LACHEFORD (without surname) documented in Cheshire in 1288. LACFORD ( without surname ) was recorded in the year 1288.Thomas de Letcheforde of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Marten and Isabel Lechforde were married at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1592. Arthur Knight and Elizabeth Lechford were married at the same church in 1616. Nicholas Latchford, listed in the Wills at Chester in the year 1609. Edward Blacford married Elizabeth Litchford at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1666. George Cobb married Frances Letchford at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1788. The name is also spelt Letchford and Letford. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name.
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