This Scottish surname of LARIMORE was originally derived from the Old French word LORIMIER, a maker of bits, spurs, stirrup-irons, and generally of all metal articles of horse-furniture. In early charters Hugh LORIMARIUS and his heirs had a grant of lands near Perth from William the Lion for services performed by him. Matthew LORIMER, a descendant of Hugh, sold the lands to William de Len, the burgess of Perth. The name is also spelt LORIMER, LOREMAR, LOREMER, LORYMAR and LORIMORE. A notable member of the name was James LORIMER (1818-90) the Scottish jurist, born in Aberdalgie, Perthshire. An eminent authority on international law, he was professor at Edinburgh from 1862. He also wrote on international law, notably 'The Institutes of the Law of Nations'. Sir Robert Stodart LORIMER (1864-1929) was the Scottish architect, born in Edinburgh, the son of James. Educated at the Edinburgh Academy and Edinburgh University, he left without a degree and was articled to an architect's office in Edinburgh and then London. He set up on his own in 1892, working on Scottish country houses. He built or totally remodelled some fifty country houses in Britain. His most notable works were the Thistle Chapel in St. Giles, Edinburgh, and the Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle. He also restored many castles, mansions and churches. His elder brother John Henry LORIMER (1856-1936) was a noted artist and produced the celebrated painting 'Ordination of Elders in a Scottish Kirk'. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. The Rose depicted in the arms is used as a distinction for the seventh son. The Distinction of Houses are used to distinguish the younger from the elder branches of a family, and to show from which line each is descended.
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