The surname of LANEY was an Irish surname meaning 'the son of Dubslaine' (the son of Slaney) which was derived from the Gaelic de Slaine. It is one of the few Irish place-names, meaning, one who came from Slane in County Meath. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Willelmys de Slanys, who witnessed a charter in 1221. Nicol de Slanes, 1296. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames: they came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. In the first three years of compulsory registration of births in Ireland (1864-66) there were 34 Laney or Slaine births, mostly in or near Tyrone. The Irish prefixes of Mac (son of) and O (grandson or descendant of) gave rise at an early date, to a set of fixed hereditary names in which the literal patronymic meaning was lost or obscured. These surnames originally signified membership of a clan, but with the passage of time, the clan system became less distinct, and surnames came to identify membership of what is called a 'sept' of people all living in the same locality, all bearing the same surname, but not necessarily descended from a common ancestor. Adoption of the name by people who did not otherwise have a surname and by their dependants was not uncommon. Later, nicknames were in some cases to supersede the original clan names. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered to Sir Stephen Slaney, Lord Mayor of London in 1595 and Milton, County Stafford, grandson of Ralph Slaney of Yardley, County Worcester. The arms were granted in the year 1595. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and Williams de Slanes (knight) witnessed a charter by the bishop of Aberdeen in 1180. Willelmus de Slanys was also a charter witness, regarding the church of Buthelny to the Abbey of Abebrothoc in 1221. Nicol de Slanes was recorded in the county of Ayr in 1296, and Robert of Slains was a member of an inquest which was held at Artrowquhi in the year 1436. There is a place called Slains, a parish in Aberdeenshire, from where some original bearers may have taken their name.
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