This surname KINCAID is of territorial origin from the lands of Kincaid in the parish of Campsie, Stirlingshire. The name is first recorded in 1238 as KINCAITH and in 1250 as KINCATHE. The name has variant spellings which include Kincade, Kinkead, Kinkaid, Kinkade and Kincaidie. Other instances of the name mention a certain Robert de Kyncade de Eodem who appears as a witness in 1450, and 1451. A Patrick de Kynkad and George de Kynkad witnessed charters of lands in St. Leonard's, Edinburgh in 1457, and David de Kyncade was bailie of Edinburgh in 1467, and again in 1493. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. This Scottish surname had become well established in several northern counties of Ireland by the mid-seventeenth century, especially in Antrim and Derry. Later instances of the name include Thomas Kyncayd who witnessed foundation charters of the Collegiate Church of Biggar in 1545, and he appears again in 1550 as Thomas Kyncaide of that Ilk. James Kincaid was a notary public at Kilchoan. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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