The surname of KENDALL was a locational name 'of Kendall' in County Westmorland. The surname is familiar with all the villages and towns in the Furnace district of North Lancashire. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage it would add to their status. Early records of the name mention Johannes de Kendall, listed in the Yorkshire Poll tax of 1379. John Kendall of Aldyngham, Lancashire, was documented in the Wills at Richmond in 1457. Roger Kendoll of Ulverston, was listed in the Richmond Wills in 1582. Elizabeth Kendall of Clitheroe (widow) Wills at Chester, 1593. A notable member of the name was Edward Calvin Kendall (1886-1972) the American chemist, born in Connecticut. He was awarded the Nobel prize for medicine in 1950. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The eagle depicted in the arms and crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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