The surname of KELCH was a German occupational name for a person in charge of the wine-cellars in a great house or castle. The name was originally derived from the German word KELNOERE, and rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form CELLARIUM. The name has been adopted by Ashkenazic Jews, in which case the name is a locational name meaning 'one who came from Cologne'. The name is also spelt KELLNER, KELLERT, KELLART, KELLERMAN, KELLER, KELERMAN and KELER. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. A notable member of the name was Francois Etienne Christopher KELLERMAN, Duke of Valmy (1735-1820) the French soldier born in Wolfsbuchweiler in Alsace. He entered the army in 1752 and served in the Seven Year's War (1756-63). In the French Revolution he was a major-general. In 1809 and 1812 he commanded the reserves on the Rhine. His son, Francois Etienne KELLERMANN (1770-1825) led the charge at the battle of Marengo in 1800. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
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