The surname of KEISLING was of German origin from Kaiser 'emperor' from the Latin imperial title CAESAR originally itself a family name. This is widely distributed as a German surname, originating partly as a nickname perhaps for someone who behaved in an imperious manner. It may also have referred to one who had played the part of an emperor in a pageant or play, and it is also recorded as a house name. The German KAISER was the title borne by Holy Roman Emperors from Otto I (962) to Francis II (who relinquished the title in l806). Later, it was borne by the ruler of Bismarck's united Germany (l87l-l9l8). The Russian word tsar was formally adopted as a title at his coronation in l547 by Ivan the Terrible (l530-84), grand duke of Moscow. However, the word was well established in Russia long before this. Ivan's father, Vasily III (l479-l533) and grandfather, Ivan III (l440-l505), both considered themselves successors to the Byzantine Empire, and Ivan III had in fact married the niece of the last Byzantine emperor. The are many variants to this name including KEISER, KAYSER,CAYZER, KEIJSER, KEIJZER, CISAR (Czech) and TZARKOV. A notable member of this name was Georg KAISER (l878-l945) German dramatist, born at Magdeburg. He is known as the playwright of Expressionism, because his style in some of his best known plays, e.g. THE BURGHERS OF CALAIS (l9l4) FROM MORNING TO MIDNIGHT (l9l6) and GAS (l9l8) was analogous to that of the Expressionists in art; but his range of subjects was wide enough to include social comedies, problem plays and to take up many other themes to each of which he appropriately adapted his style. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
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