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Keisby Coat of Arms / Keisby Family Crest

This surname KEISBY was a local name 'of Keisby' a hamlet in the parish of Lavington, County Lincolnshire. The earliest of the name on record appears to be CHISEBI (without surname) who was documented as a tenant-in-chief in the Domesday Book of 1086. KISEBI (without surname) appears in Lincolnshire in the year 1202. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Later instances of the name mention Dominus de Kiseby, who was recorded in County Lincoln in 1273. Robert Kisbie of County Berkshire, registered at Oxford University in 1574, and Paul Kysbie appears in the same documents for the year 1581. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. The name has numerous spellings which include Keasbey, Kisbee, Kisby and Kisbey.

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Last Updated: May 9, 2020

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