This Connacht surname derives from the Irish forename Taidhg which became the name of four distinct O'Taidhg septs. The surname which is found principally in County Mayo, and its variants McTEAGUE, McCAIG, McKAIG, McKEIGG and McTAGUE derived from the forename Taidhg. There was also a Mac Taidgh sept in County Galway. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. This Irish family are said to be descended from Tadhg, brother of Connor O'Connor (died 973), King of Connacht. Other sources trace their ancestry to a son of Cathair Mor, King of Ireland in AD 119.The name also took the form O'Teig, and a branch established in England was known as de Teye and Tiyge. It is possible that some of them were brought to England as hostages after the treaty of Windsor in 1175. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Woodstock, County Kilkenny and Rossana, County Wicklow. Granted 1665. Throughout all of Europe the wolf was one of the animals most revered in medieval times. Lycanthropy, the transformation of men into wolves, was widely believed in during the middle ages.
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