This German surname of KEES derives from the English surname of CHEESEMAN for a maker or seller of cheese. The name was derived from the Old English word CHESE.There are several German variations of this name amongst which are KEESMAN, KESE, KEESE and KAASMAN. Early records of the name mention Baldwin le Chesemangere who appears in London in 1186, and is the first of the name found recorded. Henry le Cheseman who was mentioned in 1260 in County Cambridge, and William le Chesman appears in 1300 in County Sussex. John le Cheseman was documented in the year 1273 in County Huntingdonshire. Adam la Chiseman of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously.
Later instances of the name include Robert Cheeseman who was recorded in the year 1523 in London and John Francis Cheeseman was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1675. John Burgess and Ann Chesman were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1783.
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