This surname JULIEN was derived from the Latin Julianus, a name found frequently in medieval documents. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion and JULLIN (without surname) appears to be the first of the name on record in 1185 in London. Contrary to popular belief, this surname does not point to Jewish ancestry. All present day bearers of the name seem to be descended from George Jewesson who died in 1794, a butcher of Maltby, in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The name is recorded in Yorkshire at Gristhorpe near Filey as early as 1332. This may be one of the rare surnames for which an original bearer of the name from which it is derived may be identified; Juetta de Arches who died in 1206 was a rich and powerful Norman heiress living at Thorpe Arch near York. She outlived her second husband by more than 30 years, which would explain why her offspring and descendants came to be identified by reference to her. The surname is also established in Canada. A family of the name emigrated to Canada from Yorkshire circa.1803. A descendant is the film producer and director Norman Jewison. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward 11. ( 1307-1327 ) that second names became general practice for all people. Other records of the name mention Julian de Horbelingtie who was recorded in the year 1187 in London and Alanus et Juliana of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. James Julian and Elizabeth Yandley were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1774.
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