This surname JARVIS was a locational name 'of Jervaulx' a now extinct place which was in County Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. This name would have been brought into England in the wake of the Norman invasion of 1066 with William the Conqueror and it appears that members of the family originally settled in Yorkshire although the name is now widespread. Early records of the name mention Geruasius Painel, who was recorded in Leicester in the year 1158. John filius Gervacii, was recorded in the year of 1273 in County Cambridge. Robert de Gervaux was documented in County Somerset during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Richard Gervas appears in Lancashire in 1435. Geruasius et Uxor of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Baptised. Elizabeth Jarvill St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1560. Richard Chandler married Winifred Jervoise, at Canterbury in Kent in 1662. Jervoice, son of John Finch was baptised at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1729. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The associated arms are recorded in Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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