The surname of JAMAR was a baptismal name 'the son of James'. The name is confined mainly to the North of England. The name is also spelt JAMESON, JAMIESON, GEMSON, GIMSON and JEMISON, to name but a few. Early records of the name mention James Audithleg, County Salop in 1273. Walter Jameson, County Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Jacobus Jamesson was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Alexander Jemison was granted safe conduct into England from Scotland in 1445. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th until the 15th century. They had not been in use in England before the Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, when they were introduced into England by the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for a gentleman to have but one single name, as the meaner sort. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that it became general practice for all people. This name has been in Ireland since the mid-eighteenth century. The acquisition of surnames in Europe and England, during the last eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in cultures and traditions. On the whole the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working class or the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. The bulk of surnames in England were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in place names into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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