The surname of INGRAM was from the old personal name Ingelram. Early records mention Hyngelrom (without surname) who witnessed a charter by King David I to the Abbey of Neubottle in 1142. John Ingeram held lands of the Abbott of Arbroath in 1330. Sir William Ingelram was the chaplain of Stirling, Scotland in 1476. Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. A notable member of the name was Herbert Ingram (1811-60) the English journalist, born in Boston, Lincolnshire. In 1842 he founded the 'Illustrated London News'. He was MP for Boston from 1856. Collingwood Ingram, known as Cherry Ingram (1880-1981) the English ornithologist, botanist, gardener and travellor, grandson of the newspaper proprietor, Herbert Ingram. He had a garden at Bettenden, Kent, celebrated for his collection of Japanese ornamental cherries. His books include 'The Birds of the Riviera' (1926) and 'A Garden of Memories' (1970).
Arms registered at Halstead, County Essex
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