The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Attercliffe, County York. This surname of HUNTSMAN was derived from the Old English HUNTE. An official name given to 'one who hunted'. In early charters the name was Latinized as VENATOR. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. The name has numerous variant spellings which include HUNT, HUNTE, HUNTER, HUNTINGDON and HUNTLEY. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. William Venator, who was one of the witnesses to the Inquisition of Earl David, before 1124, is apparently the first of the name to appear in Scotland. A notable member of the name was Benjamin HUNTSMAN (1704-76) the English inventor, born in Barton-on-Humber, the son of Dutch immigrants. He was apprenticed to a clockmaker and in 1725 established a business in Doncaster making clocks, locks and scientific instruments. The high cost and variable quality of the steel he had to import from Germany and Sweden prompted him to experiment in an effort to improve on the cementation process then in use; by 1742 he had developed the crucible process, which produced a better and more uniform steel, at a foundry he opened in Sheffield.
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