The surname of HUDSON was a baptismal name 'the son of Richard', an ancient and still popular font name. Early records of the name mention John Hudesone, 1323, Wakefield, Yorkshire. Johannes Hudson of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Huddeson married Briget Smythe at St. James's Clerkenwell, London in 1545. Baptised. Jane Hudsonne, 1547, St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1547. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. On Sunday, May 13th in the year 1788 at 3.am. the First Fleet left Woolwich docks to take convicts to Australia. Most were petty criminals, forced to a life of crime by a pitiful necessity. Amongst the 1,500 on board was John Hudson, a nine year old chimney sweep. He had stolen some clothes and a pistol "one would wish to snatch such a boy, if one possibly could" the judge remarked, "from destruction, for he will only return to the same kind of life which he had led before." So little John Hudson was sent to Australia for seven years. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during the Invasion of 1066 were of three kinds. There were names of Norse origin which their ancestors had carried into Normandy; names of Germanic origin which the Frankish conquerors had brought across the Rhine and which had ousted the old Celtic and Latin names from France, and Biblical names and names of Latin and Greek saints. These names they retained even after the customs and language of the natives of Northern France had been adopted by them. After the Norman Conquest not only Normans, but Frenchmen and Bretons from other parts of France settled in England, and quite a few found their way north into Scotland. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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