The surname of HOUSE was an occupational name 'the worker at the house, the large hall or mansion, probably a religious house or convent'. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to family names which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Early records of the name mention HUSS (without surname) who was recorded in 1198. Simon filius Hus was documented in the year 1226 in County Oxford. Geoffrey de la House, 1279 County Northumberland. William atte House of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. An eminent member of the name was Edward Mandell House (1858-1938) the American Diplomat born in Houston, Texas. During and after World War I he represented America in many conferences, and was a long and close associate of President Wilson. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and Moris Howse, who appears in 1467, in an inquisition regarding fishing on the river Tweed, appears to be the first of the name on record. James Housse was documented in Prestwick in the year 1509. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufacture. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. The name has many variant spellings which include Hows, Howes and Howse. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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