The surname of HOOPER was of the occupational name 'the hooper' one who made hoops for barrels. The name was derived from the Old English word HOOPERE. The name was a familiar entry in medieval records. Early records of the name mention Alexander le Hopere, 1273, County Devon. Ralph le Hopere of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. An eminent member of the name was John Hooper (1495-1555). He was the English prelate and martyr, born in Somerset. He was educated at Oxford and entered a Cistercian monastery in Gloucester in 1518. He became a popular preacher in London and in 1550 was appointed bishop of Gloucester, but was imprisoned for some weeks in Fleet prison for his scruples over the oath and episcopal habit. In 1552 he received the bishopric of Worcester 'on commenddam'. In 1553 under Mary I. he was again committed to Fleet prison and burned for heresy at Gloucester. Walter Hooper received his BA at Oxford University in the year 1515. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at London, Stanmore Cottage, County Middlesex and Sarum, County Wiltshire. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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