The English and German surname of HOENE was an ancient occupational name for a gatherer or seller of honey. The name was originally derived from the Old English word HUNIG, and in medieval England was used as a term of endearment. The name has many variant spellings which include HONEY, HONIGMANN, HONINGH, HONIGMAN, HONIGBAUM (honey-tree) HONIGWACHS (honey-wax) and HONIGSBERG (honey-hill) to name but a few. The name was in England at an early date and early records of the name mention Richard Honney, who was documented in County Cambridge in the year 1273. Alicia Honneye was recorded in Yorkshire in the same year. Edward Honey of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Savill Godfrey and Amy Honey were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1771. Henry Harding and Mary Hony were married at the same church in 1776. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France.
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