The surname of HINGSTON was a locational name 'of Hinxton' a parish in County Cambridge, nine miles from the well known University and capital of the town of the county of that name. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. Early records of the name mention HINGSTONE (without surname) who was documented in the year 1185 in County Cambridge, and Walter de Hinxston was documented in the year 1273 in the same place. Edward Hinxton appears in Lancashire in 1377. William Hingstone of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
A later instance of the name mention Philip Hingston and Ann Saint John who were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1796. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Registered at Holbeton, County Devon.
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