The surname of HINGST was a German baptismal name 'the son of Heino'. The name was also locational 'one who came from Heino, the hedged place'. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land and indicated where he actually lived. The name has many variant spellings which include HINTZ, HINSCH, HINZ, HEINZ, and HINZE. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. An early record of the name in Germany dates back to the seventeenth century. In 1655, one Johann HINTZ lived in Belgard. Variants of this name occurred as early as 1404 when one Heinrich HEINZ was an alderman in Zuerich. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Germany. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. Many immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania.
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