The surname of HINGE is a variant of the name Ing and is a local name 'of the ing' a meadow, generally one lying low near a river. Variant spellings of the name are Ing, Inge and Indge. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was brought to England during the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records mention John Inge, recorded in Oxfordshire in the year 1273. Robert Inge, was the rector of Salthouse, County Norfolk 1327. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are to be found in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms 1884. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Later instances of the name include Mark Ing and Sarah Falkener who were married at St Georges Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1753. William Lewis Ings and Mary Sheering were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1801. Thomas Ing and Jane Longman were married at the same church in 1807.
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