This surname of HINER is an English (Suffolk) surname of uncertain origin, possibly an occupational name for a peasant or agricultural labourer. The name is also spelt HIND, HINE and HYNER. The earliest known bearer of the name spelt in this way is Philip HYNER, who was married on July 25th in the year 1608 at Mildenhall, Suffolk. The name seems to have originated somewhere on the Cambridge, Suffolk border. The name also meant 'the keeper of the deer'. Other records of the name mention Cristina Hynde, 1285, County Essex. Henry of Hynde was documented in the County of Sussex in the year 1332. Ricardus Hynne of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, Cecelia Hinde, ibid. Paul, son of Humiliation Hyne was baptised at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in the year 1631, and Rebecca, his daughter was christened at the same church in 1669. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. The lion depicted in the arms and crest is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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