The surname of HINDMARSH was a locational name 'of Hindmarsh' a place in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The dweller at the low lying land where deer were found. Early records of the name mention Anfred Hindemarsh, 1285 County Yorkshire. John de Hyndemarshe of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but most of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. A notable member of the name was Sir John Hindmarsh (1782-1860) the British naval officer and administrator, the son of a naval gunner. He joined the HMS Bellerophon at the age of 14, and fought with the Channel fleet, and later in the Mediterranean under Nelson at the Battle of the Nile in 1798 (when he was commended for action which saved his ship) and at Trafalgar in 1805. After the war he became the first governor of South Australia. Hindmarsh objected strongly to a plan for the new town of Adelaide in the middle of a plain six miles from the sea, and tried to veto this, but met with strong objection from the settlers. He was recalled to London in 1838. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered in County Kent.
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Last Updated: May 9, 2020
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