This surname HINDES was a German topographic name for someone who lived at the back of a village or beyond the main settlement. The name was derived from the Old German word HINDER. It was also an English nickname for a crafty, anxious and fretful person. The name is also spelt HIND, HINDE, HINNER, HINTNER, HINDERER and HINDERMANN. The earliest known bearer of the English name is William HINDER, who was living in Gloucestershire about the year 1214. All present-day bearers of the name are probably descended from a family living in Latton, Wiltshire in the early 16th century. Early records of the name in England mention Cristina Hynde, 1285, County Essex. Henry of Hynde was documented in the County of Sussex in the year 1332. Ricardus Hynne of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, Cecelia Hinde, ibid. Paul, son of Humiliation Hyne was baptised at St. Dionis Backhurch, London in the year 1631, and Rebecca, his daughter was christened at the same church in 1669. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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Last Updated: May 9, 2020
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