The surname of HIDE was a locational name 'the dweller at the hide' a measure of land of about 120 acres. Local names usually meant where the man held his land. There is also a place so called in County Bedfordshire. The name was originally derived from the Old English word HID. Early records of the name mention la Hide (without surname) recorded in County Bedford in 1197. Hida (without surname) was documented in County Essex in the year 1204. John de la Hyde of County Oxford, was recorded in the year 1273. Adam atte Hyde, 1330 in County Yorkshire. Gilbert de la Hyde of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas Spencer married Agnes Hide in London in the year of 1527. An interesting member of the name was Charles Cheney Hyde (1873-1952) the American jurist born in Chicago. He was educated at Yale and Harvard, and taught law at Northwestern University, Illinois from 1907 until 1925. He served as a solicitor for the US department of state, and was a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague from 1951 until 1952. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years.
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