The arms for the Irish surname of Hicks are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Kilmacanoge, County Wicklow and Mount Arville, County Dublin: Granted to Richard John Hicks Esq and the descendants of his great-grandfather. The surname of HICKS was originally a baptismal name 'the son of Richard' an ancient and still popular personal name. This given name is widely distributed throughout the world in its many various forms, but popularized by the Normns in England. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child. In the middle ages a need was felt for an additional name, as it added prestige and practical advantage to the bearer's status. It became the practice therefore, for a child to be given the name of his father or grandfather, in addition to his baptismal name. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Hikke de Sauteby who was documented in the year 1273 in County Yorkshire. Edward Hickes of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). William del Hicks was documented in County Lincolnshire in the year 1300. Johanna Hickson of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Hix (taylor) was buried at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1656. An eminent member of the name was Sir Edward Semour Hicks (1871-1949) the British actor-manager, born in Jersey. He made his debut at Islington in 1887, and built up a reputation as a light comedian, appearing in many successful plays written by himself including 'The Man in Dress Clothes' and 'The Vintage Wine'. He wrote several books of reminiscences.
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