This German and Jewish surname of HESS was a regional name for someone from the state of HESSE in Germany. The placename is first recorded as HASSIA and probably derives from the CHATTI, a Germanic Tribe mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus in the 1st century. The name is also spelt HASSE and HESSE. Surnames are divided into four categories, from occupations, nicknames, baptismal and locational. All the main types of these are found in German-speaking areas, and names derived from occupations and from nicknames are particularly common. A number of these are Jewish. Patronymic surnames are derived from vernacular Germanic given names, often honouring Christian saints. Regional and ethnic names are also common. The German preposition 'von (from) or 'of', used with habitation names, is taken as a mark of aristocracy, and usually denoted proprietorship of the village or estate from where they came. Some members of the nobility affected the form VON UND ZU with their titles. In eastern Germany there was a heavy influence both from and on neighbouring Slavonic languages. Many Prussian surnames are of Slavonic origin. A notable member of this name was Eva HESSE, (l936-l970) German born American sculptor, born in Hamburg into a Jewish family. Her family emigrated to the United States in l939 and settled in New York, where she remained until her death. She attended the Pratt Institute, New York, from l952 to l953, and Cooper Union from l954 to l957. From l965 she worked in a variety of unusual materials, including rubber, plastic, string and polythene. These were made into hauntingly bizarre objects designed to rest on the floor or against a wall or even be suspended from the ceiling. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
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