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Henry Coat of Arms / Henry Family Crest

Henry Coat of Arms / Henry Family Crest

The surname of HENRY was a baptismal name 'the son of Harry'. Early records of the name mention Henricus listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Willelmus Henrysone was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. The name was originally from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements HEIM (home) and RIC (power) meaning 'home-rule). The name was introduced into England by the Normans in the form HENRI. During the Middle Ages this name became enormously popular in England and was borne by eight kings. Continental forms of the name were equally popular, in Germany as Heinrich, France, Henri etc. In the period in which the majority of surnames were formed in England, a common vernacular form of the name was HARRY; official documents of the period normally used the Latin form HENRICUS. On the whole the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working class or the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. The bulk of surnames in England were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in place names into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. Early records of the name mention Henricus (without surname) who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Thomas Henery was recorded in 1275 in County Kent, and Adam Henris appears in 1333 in County Sussex. Willelmus Henrysone was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Joanne Henery was documented in County Gloucestershire in the year 1621, and Henry Jepson and Jennett Smith were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1656. The name has been given to eight Kings of England and to four Kings of France. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. (Kylmore Lodge, Letterfrack, County Galway and Stratheden House, Knightsbridge, Co. Middx. Confirmed to Mitchell Henry, M.P. for Galway.)

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last updated on: September 13 2018

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