The surname of HEESE was a locational name 'the dweller at the haw' the enclosure. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. The name was derived from the Old English word HAES. Early records of the name mention HESA (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as HAESE (without surname) in the year 1168. Richard de la Hay was documented in the year 1170 in London. Roger del Heys was recorded in 1200 in County Norfolk. Eborard de la Heye was recorded in County Norfolk in the year 1273. Ricardus del Haye, of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Cecelia de la Hay was documented in County Somerset during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France.
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