The surname of HEDDON was a locational name 'of Headon' or 'Hedon' parishes in the diocese of Southwell and York. The name was derived from the Old English word HAEPDUN, literally meaning the dweller at the place covered with heather. HELDONE (without surname) who was documented in the North Riding of Yorkshire in 1115, appears to be the first of the name on record, and HADDUN was recorded in 1185 in County Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and where he actually lived. Other records of the name mention Gerard de Hedon, 1273 who was recorded in County Nottingham and Nicholas de Hedon was documented in County Cambridge, ibid. Willelmus de Hedon of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The earliest hereditary surnames in England are found shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and are of Norman French origin rather than native English. On the arrival of the Normans they identified themselves by references to the estates from which they came from in northern France. These names moved rapidly on with their bearers into Scotland and Ireland. Others of the Norman Invaders took names from the estates in England which they had newly acquired. The name was taken to Scotland by early settlers, and Peter de Hendun, burgess of Aberdeen about 1214, is the first of the name in Scotland on record. Magister Nicholas de Hedon was the dean of Moray in 1254, and Stephen de Hedun was recorded in Aberdeen in 1360. Alexander Hedding of Ponderualls, was documented there in 1690. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The name has many variant spellings which include Heading, Hedding, and Headon. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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