The surname of HEBDEN was a locational name 'of Hebden' a township in the parish of Linton, eleven miles from Skipton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. In 1120 the manor of Hebden was granted by Roger de Mowbray to Uctred de Hebden a descendant of Uctred, Earl of Northumberland (d.1016). The lands descended in the Hebden family until the 15th century, when they were divided between the families of Tempest and Dymoke as the result of the marriage of heiresses. The earliest hereditary surnames in England are found shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and are of Norman French origin rather than native English. On the arrival of the Normans they identified themselves by references to the estates from which they came from in northern France. These names moved rapidly on with their bearers into Scotland and Ireland. Others of the Norman Invaders took names from the estates in England which they had newly acquired. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. Other records of the name mention Adam de Hebden who was recorded as the Freemen of York in the year 1272 and Dionisius de Hebdeyn of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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