The surname of HEADEN was a locational name 'of Headon' or 'Hedon' parishes in the diocese of Southwell and York. The name was derived from the Old English word HAEPDUN, literally meaning the dweller at the place covered with heather. HELDONE (without surname) who was documented in the North Riding of Yorkshire in 1115, appears to be the first of the name on record, and HADDUN was recorded in 1185 in County Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and where he actually lived. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. Other records of the name mention Gerard de Hedon, 1273 who was recorded in County Nottingham and Nicholas de Hedon was documented in County Cambridge, ibid. Willelmus de Hedon of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The name was taken to Scotland by early settlers, and Peter de Hendun, burgess of Aberdeen about 1214, is the first of the name in Scotland on record. Magister Nicholas de Hedon was the dean of Moray in 1254, and Stephen de Hedun was recorded in Aberdeen in 1360. Alexander Hedding of Ponderualls, was documented there in 1690.