The surname of HAYS was a locational name 'the dweller at the haw' the enclosure. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land. The name was derived from the Old English word HAES. Early records of the name mention HESA (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as HAESE (without surname) in the year 1168. Richard de la Hay was documented in the year 1170 in London. Roger del Heys was recorded in 1200 in County Norfolk. Eborard de la Heye was recorded in County Norfolk in the year 1273. Ricardus del Haye, of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Cecelia de la Hay was documented in County Somerset during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. A notable member of the name was Isaac Isreal Haynes (1832-81) the American Artic explorer, born in Pennysylvania. He sailed as a surgeon on an exhibition in 1853 until 1854, and published 'An Artic Boat-journey' in 1860. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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