This surname HAYNES was of the baptismal group of names 'the son of Haine'. A now forgotten personal name. Early records of the name mention Thomas filius Hayene, County Somerset, 1273. Johannes Hauneson of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Ade Heynes of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Percival Archboll married Susannah Haynes, St. Mary Aldermary, London in 1581. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. An eminent member of the name was Robert Young Hayne (1791-1839) the American statesman, born in South Carolina. He was admitted to the bar in 1812, and served in the war with Great Britain. He became speaker of the state legislature and attorney-general of the state, and sat in the U.S. senate from 1823 until 1832.
Elwood Haynes (1857-1925) was the American inventor, born in Portland, Indianna. In 1893 he constructed what is claimed to be the first American automobile, preserved in the Smithsonian Institution. There was also a place called Haynes, a parish in the diocese of Ely. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream.
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