The Irish surname O'hAodha was anglicized as HAYES. There were about a dozen septs so called with their homelands as far apart as the south-west of Co. Cork and Co. Clare in Munster. Co. Tyrone Co. Monaghan and Co. Donegal in Ulster. In Co. Wexford the name is of Norman origin and spelt la Heise or de la Haye as in England. Early records of the name mention Hugh de la Huse, 1197 Devonshire. Robert de Hese 1209 County Norfolk. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822-93) was the 19th President of the United States, born in Delaware, Ohio. He graduated at Kenyon College, Ohio in 1842, and practiced as a lawyer at Cincinnati. Under the Hayes administration the country recovered commercial prosperity. His policy included reform of the civil service, conciliation of the southern states and resumption of specie payments. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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